Human mobility powers wireless communication for disaster relief

IANS
Sunday, July 16, 2017

Researchers from six Indian institutes, including IIT-Kharagpur and IIM-Calcutta, have developed a low-cost and fast deployable wireless communication infrastructure that is driven by human mobility to aid disaster management services.

They are working together since the last three years to enable the delivery of decentralised mobile communication services under project DiSARM: Post-Disaster Situation Analysis and Resource Management in situations where terrestrial telecommunication networks are damaged or severely impaired.

"In these emergency situations, alternative and flexible networking arrangements become critically important to ensure ongoing and effective coordination of emergency response and relief efforts. Our model works on peer-to-peer networking where humans are the data carriers," IIM-Calcutta professor Somprakash Bandyopadhyay, who is involved in the project, told IANS.

The project is funded by Information Technology Research Academy (ITRA) under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

Explaining the mechanism of deploying DiSARM, Bandyopadhyay likened it to a ferryboat system in which from one side of the river the ferryman is connecting the information to the other bank as he rows the boat.

"When you don't have any internet connectivity if you have a smartphone, you can connect with wifi (through an app) which is there on your phone. So when a volunteer is connecting the data from a victim through the phone, then he is physically moving and relaying that data to others (connected with wifi within that range) who are also moving," said Bandyopadhyay, a professor in Management Information Systems Group and Research Director of Social Informatics Research Group (SIRG) in IIM-Calcutta.

"They in turn are relaying the data about victims and the situation as they move and connect with wifi with others within their range," he added.

He said: "This movement pattern helps to communicate. Wifi part of it helps you to make a peer-to-peer network."

In scenarios where smartphones are not available, special routers placed at vantage locations become the connector of data.

"Whoever is going to the routers, gives the data to the device electronically. So it depends on human mobility," he said.

The other aspect of the project is tapping in data from social media to integrate with disaster management.

Partner institutes include NIT Durgapur, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (formerly Bengal Engineering and Science University), Heritage Institute of Technology (HIT) Kolkata and Kalyani Government Engineering College (KGEC).

"We have entrepreneurs who are our students who are taking this up and have formed a company and moving ahead so they can actually deploy this real-time. The entrepreneurial part is about selling this as a complete product/service. Either you pay for the service or you pre-deploy it in disaster prone areas and then go for the service," he added.

Bandyopadhyay was speaking on the sidelines of the just-concluded 'Exploring Mobile Computing, Networking & Applications for Development in India' workshop organised by SIRG and ITRA.


Express your comment on this article

Submit your comments...
     
Disclaimer: The views expressed here are strictly personal and IndiansinKuwait.com does not hold any responsibility on them. We shall endeavour to upload/publish as many of the comments that are submitted as possible within a reasonable span of time, but we do not guarantee that all comments that are submitted will be uploaded/published. Messages that harass, abuse or threaten other members; have obscene, unlawful, defamatory, libellous, hateful, or otherwise objectionable content; or have spam, commercial or advertising content or links are liable to be removed by the editors. We also reserve the right to edit the comments that do get published. Please do not post any private information unless you want it to be available publicly.
Image

Anybody Got a Spine???

Fourteen Prime Ministers have taken charge of our country, and between themselves they have had Sev

Image

Indian Rupee (INR) -3 Questions

The Indian Rupee (INR) is surprisingly strong proving many analysts wrong. In a world where emergin

Image

“What have you done for me?”

Suruchi was twelve years old, when she had blurted out the above words, and her words had sharp

Image

Linking India to Kuwait through Music: The One and Only Veena Guru in Kuwait.

Veena is one of the most ancient south Indian instruments. However, amongst the multitude of string

Image

GST: One Nation, One Tax

When parliament of India passed constitutional amendment bill in 2016, it paved the way for GST. An

Image

Earth Day – Celebrating Earth Day is more important than ever

These days, I have seen people, including children being aware of the consequence of environmental

Image

An Indian Voice for Football

An Indian football commentator who revolutionized regional language commentary with a unique record

Image

Confidence, Discipline and Health, the Karate Way

In the present world we talk a lot about self-dependency and the courage to face the world. Self-co

Image

Creating History in Quality Construction, Dr. Abdul Razzak Rumane

Dr. Abdul Razzak Rumane, a Registered Senior Consultant (RSC) with The Chartered Quality Institute

Image

We chose happiness and compassion; we chose life

It is a widely accepted fact that the ultimate aim of anyone in this world is to attain the state o

Image

Mughal Mahal Exotica - An aromatic and exotic twist to Indian food

When it comes to Indian food in Kuwait, no doubt ‘Mughal Mahal’ set an example among the residents

Image

Experience Indian Corner Tandoori Nights at Al Manshar Rotana Hotel

Al Manshar Rotana Hotel at Fahaheel, Kuwait launched an authentic Tandoori Night with an Indian cor

Image

Biryani & Kebabi restaurant opened at Arabia Mall in Egila

Biryani & Kebabi is the newest addition to Al Sabah & Kohli food and beverage brands. Al Sabah & Ko

Image

Indulge in the luxury of Indian dinner every Tuesday at Jumeirah’s Garden Café

We all love luxury. We have many occasions to celebrate life luxuriously. Be it our anniversary, bi

Image

Summer Cricket coaching camp by Cricket Coaching Academy

22 Yards Cricket Coaching Academy would like to invite cricketers of all age group to attend the Su

Image

Kumble withdraws as India head coach

Legendary leg-spinner Anil Kumble has decided against continuing as the head coach of the Indian c

Image

Kuwait Cricket congratulates all the winners and runners

KC Desert T20 Finals, KC T20 Premier League, KC U16 Juniors Championship and KC 50 Overs Champions

Image

Team Shifa Al-Jazeera Soccer Kerala Wins Kefak Grandhyper Soccer League

KEFAK Soccer League Season 5 ended with Team Shifa Al-Jazeera Soccer Kerala defending t

Image

Indian Cricket Captain Virat Kohli Bats For Charity at Fundraising Gala Dinner in London

The Virat Kohli Charity Ball to be held on Monday, 5th June 2017 at the HAC Ground The Virat Koh