Human mobility powers wireless communication for disaster relief

IANS
Sunday, July 16, 2017

Researchers from six Indian institutes, including IIT-Kharagpur and IIM-Calcutta, have developed a low-cost and fast deployable wireless communication infrastructure that is driven by human mobility to aid disaster management services.

They are working together since the last three years to enable the delivery of decentralised mobile communication services under project DiSARM: Post-Disaster Situation Analysis and Resource Management in situations where terrestrial telecommunication networks are damaged or severely impaired.

"In these emergency situations, alternative and flexible networking arrangements become critically important to ensure ongoing and effective coordination of emergency response and relief efforts. Our model works on peer-to-peer networking where humans are the data carriers," IIM-Calcutta professor Somprakash Bandyopadhyay, who is involved in the project, told IANS.

The project is funded by Information Technology Research Academy (ITRA) under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

Explaining the mechanism of deploying DiSARM, Bandyopadhyay likened it to a ferryboat system in which from one side of the river the ferryman is connecting the information to the other bank as he rows the boat.

"When you don't have any internet connectivity if you have a smartphone, you can connect with wifi (through an app) which is there on your phone. So when a volunteer is connecting the data from a victim through the phone, then he is physically moving and relaying that data to others (connected with wifi within that range) who are also moving," said Bandyopadhyay, a professor in Management Information Systems Group and Research Director of Social Informatics Research Group (SIRG) in IIM-Calcutta.

"They in turn are relaying the data about victims and the situation as they move and connect with wifi with others within their range," he added.

He said: "This movement pattern helps to communicate. Wifi part of it helps you to make a peer-to-peer network."

In scenarios where smartphones are not available, special routers placed at vantage locations become the connector of data.

"Whoever is going to the routers, gives the data to the device electronically. So it depends on human mobility," he said.

The other aspect of the project is tapping in data from social media to integrate with disaster management.

Partner institutes include NIT Durgapur, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (formerly Bengal Engineering and Science University), Heritage Institute of Technology (HIT) Kolkata and Kalyani Government Engineering College (KGEC).

"We have entrepreneurs who are our students who are taking this up and have formed a company and moving ahead so they can actually deploy this real-time. The entrepreneurial part is about selling this as a complete product/service. Either you pay for the service or you pre-deploy it in disaster prone areas and then go for the service," he added.

Bandyopadhyay was speaking on the sidelines of the just-concluded 'Exploring Mobile Computing, Networking & Applications for Development in India' workshop organised by SIRG and ITRA.


Express your comment on this article

Submit your comments...
     
Disclaimer: The views expressed here are strictly personal and IndiansinKuwait.com does not hold any responsibility on them. We shall endeavour to upload/publish as many of the comments that are submitted as possible within a reasonable span of time, but we do not guarantee that all comments that are submitted will be uploaded/published. Messages that harass, abuse or threaten other members; have obscene, unlawful, defamatory, libellous, hateful, or otherwise objectionable content; or have spam, commercial or advertising content or links are liable to be removed by the editors. We also reserve the right to edit the comments that do get published. Please do not post any private information unless you want it to be available publicly.
Image

Love is in air when he sings, Shahbaz Aman

What could be the appropriate adjective to describe this man; singer; composer; or an unusual embod

Image

Don’t Want a Day… Want a Deal!

I am a Woman and like me, there are countless other women out there who do not want Days to commemo

Image

My heart, my soul and all my sincerity is for this country – Ajiaz Ahmad Sarfaraz

“By serving this great country for more than three decades, I feel that the word ‘great’ fully appl

Image

Teamwork Makes The Dream Work! – Nomaan Sidiq Budroo, Captain of Kuwait U-19 Cricket Team

Kuwait Cricket’s National U 19 team returned home after their best ever performance in the ICC U 19

Image

A Walk in the Garden…

Our garden in Salmiya is an exciting learning-place… Every walk in it, teaches something every time

Image

Take Thoughts Outside Box

"Where are the songs of spring? Ay, where are they?’’ I sighed, when others were busy with Keats, S

Image

‘Be what you are, Do what you can’, a self-confident go getter, N.K. Ramachandran Menon

He believes, ‘No one can influence anyone’. He believes, ‘I can only be me and it is true for ever

Image

How to carry out a winning scientific project?

I have been involved in judging scientific projects in schools and colleges for the past three deca

Image

Extraordinary artist of ribbon work – Mrs Poornima

Hand Embroidery is one of the most beautiful artworks. There are variety of Embroideries which uses

Image

Work hard, but enjoy your job – Ravi Varrier spending 40 years in a company!

Spending long working years with a company may not be a big deal if you are a sincere employee. But

Image

New Menu at Zafran Puts Contemporary Spin on the Traditional

Fans of Zafran can rejoice as the popular Indian bistro launches a new menu this week. The front

Image

A nostalgic and delicious train journey in Kuwait at Kerala Express Restaurant

A train journey during our annual vacation in India is definitely a nostalgic experience for many o

Image

Mughal Mahal Exotica - An aromatic and exotic twist to Indian food

When it comes to Indian food in Kuwait, no doubt ‘Mughal Mahal’ set an example among the residents

Image

Experience Indian Corner Tandoori Nights at Al Manshar Rotana Hotel

Al Manshar Rotana Hotel at Fahaheel, Kuwait launched an authentic Tandoori Night with an Indian cor

Image

Himanta Biswa Sarma elected BAI President

Assam Health and Education Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma was on Tuesday unanimously elected the Badm

Image

Fahaheel English Madrasa wins Shifa Al Jazeera Al-Nahil Soccer Championship Cup

Fahaheel English Madrasa emerges champions in the inter-madrasa soccer championship tournament or

Image

Shifa Al Jazeera Soccer Kerala Fest– 2018 - United Goan Centre (Ugc) Emerge The Champions

United Goan Centre (UGC) on of the oldest Football Club in Kuwait Indian Football Federation, Kuwai

Image

Del Potro eliminates Ferrer at Indian Wells

Sixth-seeded Argentine Juan Martin del Potro rose to the round of 16 of the Indian Wells Masters te

Image

U G C 42nd Edition Football 2018 and Interschool Under - 15 Football Tournament

Wednesday,7th March 2018: Last Friday started off with an early morning kickoff of the conclusion t